Report Detail

Electronics & Semiconductor Global FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler Market 2023 by Manufacturers, Regions, Type and Application, Forecast to 2029

  • RnM4572432
  • |
  • 02 January, 2024
  • |
  • Global
  • |
  • 130 Pages
  • |
  • GIR (Global Info Research)
  • |
  • Electronics & Semiconductor

According to our (Global Info Research) latest study, the global FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler market size was valued at USD million in 2022 and is forecast to a readjusted size of USD million by 2029 with a CAGR of % during review period.
The FBT polarization maintaining coupler is a commonly used optical fiber coupler, used to couple optical signals from one optical fiber to another optical fiber, and can maintain the polarization state of the optical signal unchanged. The FBT polarization maintaining coupler adopts the principle of beam splitting and recombination, and realizes the transmission and coupling of optical signals through the separation and recombination of optical fibers in the core.
The main features of FBT polarization maintaining couplers include: maintaining the polarization state of the optical signal, flexible design, low insertion loss, high durability and stability, and wide wavelength range. FBT polarization maintaining couplers are widely used in applications that maintain the polarization state of optical signals and play an important role in optical equipment.
The Global Info Research report includes an overview of the development of the FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler industry chain, the market status of Communication (Single Mode Optical Fiber, Multimode Optical Fiber), Semiconductor (Single Mode Optical Fiber, Multimode Optical Fiber), and key enterprises in developed and developing market, and analysed the cutting-edge technology, patent, hot applications and market trends of FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler.
Regionally, the report analyzes the FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler markets in key regions. North America and Europe are experiencing steady growth, driven by government initiatives and increasing consumer awareness. Asia-Pacific, particularly China, leads the global FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler market, with robust domestic demand, supportive policies, and a strong manufacturing base.
Key Features:
The report presents comprehensive understanding of the FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler market. It provides a holistic view of the industry, as well as detailed insights into individual components and stakeholders. The report analysis market dynamics, trends, challenges, and opportunities within the FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler industry.
The report involves analyzing the market at a macro level:
Market Sizing and Segmentation: Report collect data on the overall market size, including the sales quantity (Units), revenue generated, and market share of different by Type (e.g., Single Mode Optical Fiber, Multimode Optical Fiber).
Industry Analysis: Report analyse the broader industry trends, such as government policies and regulations, technological advancements, consumer preferences, and market dynamics. This analysis helps in understanding the key drivers and challenges influencing the FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler market.
Regional Analysis: The report involves examining the FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler market at a regional or national level. Report analyses regional factors such as government incentives, infrastructure development, economic conditions, and consumer behaviour to identify variations and opportunities within different markets.
Market Projections: Report covers the gathered data and analysis to make future projections and forecasts for the FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler market. This may include estimating market growth rates, predicting market demand, and identifying emerging trends.
The report also involves a more granular approach to FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler:
Company Analysis: Report covers individual FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler manufacturers, suppliers, and other relevant industry players. This analysis includes studying their financial performance, market positioning, product portfolios, partnerships, and strategies.
Consumer Analysis: Report covers data on consumer behaviour, preferences, and attitudes towards FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler This may involve surveys, interviews, and analysis of consumer reviews and feedback from different by Application (Communication, Semiconductor).
Technology Analysis: Report covers specific technologies relevant to FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler. It assesses the current state, advancements, and potential future developments in FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler areas.
Competitive Landscape: By analyzing individual companies, suppliers, and consumers, the report present insights into the competitive landscape of the FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler market. This analysis helps understand market share, competitive advantages, and potential areas for differentiation among industry players.
Market Validation: The report involves validating findings and projections through primary research, such as surveys, interviews, and focus groups.
Market Segmentation
FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler market is split by Type and by Application. For the period 2018-2029, the growth among segments provides accurate calculations and forecasts for consumption value by Type, and by Application in terms of volume and value.
Market segment by Type
Single Mode Optical Fiber
Multimode Optical Fiber
Market segment by Application
Communication
Semiconductor
Others
Major players covered
Thorlabs
Agiltron
OZ Optics
AC Photonics
Senko Advanced Components
LaseOptics Corporation
GlobalSpec
Optizone Technology
LightComm Technology Co., Ltd.
DK Photonics
CSRayzer Optical Technology
Corning
OptoLink Corporation
Flyin Optronics
K Photonics Technology
Shenzhen Qinghe Optoelectronics Technology
Market segment by region, regional analysis covers
North America (United States, Canada and Mexico)
Europe (Germany, France, United Kingdom, Russia, Italy, and Rest of Europe)
Asia-Pacific (China, Japan, Korea, India, Southeast Asia, and Australia)
South America (Brazil, Argentina, Colombia, and Rest of South America)
Middle East & Africa (Saudi Arabia, UAE, Egypt, South Africa, and Rest of Middle East & Africa)
The content of the study subjects, includes a total of 15 chapters:
Chapter 1, to describe FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler product scope, market overview, market estimation caveats and base year.
Chapter 2, to profile the top manufacturers of FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler, with price, sales, revenue and global market share of FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler from 2018 to 2023.
Chapter 3, the FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler competitive situation, sales quantity, revenue and global market share of top manufacturers are analyzed emphatically by landscape contrast.
Chapter 4, the FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler breakdown data are shown at the regional level, to show the sales quantity, consumption value and growth by regions, from 2018 to 2029.
Chapter 5 and 6, to segment the sales by Type and application, with sales market share and growth rate by type, application, from 2018 to 2029.
Chapter 7, 8, 9, 10 and 11, to break the sales data at the country level, with sales quantity, consumption value and market share for key countries in the world, from 2017 to 2022.and FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler market forecast, by regions, type and application, with sales and revenue, from 2024 to 2029.
Chapter 12, market dynamics, drivers, restraints, trends and Porters Five Forces analysis.
Chapter 13, the key raw materials and key suppliers, and industry chain of FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler.
Chapter 14 and 15, to describe FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler sales channel, distributors, customers, research findings and conclusion.


1 Market Overview

  • 1.1 Product Overview and Scope of FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler
  • 1.2 Market Estimation Caveats and Base Year
  • 1.3 Market Analysis by Type
    • 1.3.1 Overview: Global FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler Consumption Value by Type: 2018 Versus 2022 Versus 2029
    • 1.3.2 Single Mode Optical Fiber
    • 1.3.3 Multimode Optical Fiber
  • 1.4 Market Analysis by Application
    • 1.4.1 Overview: Global FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler Consumption Value by Application: 2018 Versus 2022 Versus 2029
    • 1.4.2 Communication
    • 1.4.3 Semiconductor
    • 1.4.4 Others
  • 1.5 Global FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler Market Size & Forecast
    • 1.5.1 Global FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler Consumption Value (2018 & 2022 & 2029)
    • 1.5.2 Global FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler Sales Quantity (2018-2029)
    • 1.5.3 Global FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler Average Price (2018-2029)

2 Manufacturers Profiles

  • 2.1 Thorlabs
    • 2.1.1 Thorlabs Details
    • 2.1.2 Thorlabs Major Business
    • 2.1.3 Thorlabs FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler Product and Services
    • 2.1.4 Thorlabs FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler Sales Quantity, Average Price, Revenue, Gross Margin and Market Share (2018-2023)
    • 2.1.5 Thorlabs Recent Developments/Updates
  • 2.2 Agiltron
    • 2.2.1 Agiltron Details
    • 2.2.2 Agiltron Major Business
    • 2.2.3 Agiltron FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler Product and Services
    • 2.2.4 Agiltron FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler Sales Quantity, Average Price, Revenue, Gross Margin and Market Share (2018-2023)
    • 2.2.5 Agiltron Recent Developments/Updates
  • 2.3 OZ Optics
    • 2.3.1 OZ Optics Details
    • 2.3.2 OZ Optics Major Business
    • 2.3.3 OZ Optics FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler Product and Services
    • 2.3.4 OZ Optics FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler Sales Quantity, Average Price, Revenue, Gross Margin and Market Share (2018-2023)
    • 2.3.5 OZ Optics Recent Developments/Updates
  • 2.4 AC Photonics
    • 2.4.1 AC Photonics Details
    • 2.4.2 AC Photonics Major Business
    • 2.4.3 AC Photonics FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler Product and Services
    • 2.4.4 AC Photonics FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler Sales Quantity, Average Price, Revenue, Gross Margin and Market Share (2018-2023)
    • 2.4.5 AC Photonics Recent Developments/Updates
  • 2.5 Senko Advanced Components
    • 2.5.1 Senko Advanced Components Details
    • 2.5.2 Senko Advanced Components Major Business
    • 2.5.3 Senko Advanced Components FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler Product and Services
    • 2.5.4 Senko Advanced Components FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler Sales Quantity, Average Price, Revenue, Gross Margin and Market Share (2018-2023)
    • 2.5.5 Senko Advanced Components Recent Developments/Updates
  • 2.6 LaseOptics Corporation
    • 2.6.1 LaseOptics Corporation Details
    • 2.6.2 LaseOptics Corporation Major Business
    • 2.6.3 LaseOptics Corporation FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler Product and Services
    • 2.6.4 LaseOptics Corporation FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler Sales Quantity, Average Price, Revenue, Gross Margin and Market Share (2018-2023)
    • 2.6.5 LaseOptics Corporation Recent Developments/Updates
  • 2.7 GlobalSpec
    • 2.7.1 GlobalSpec Details
    • 2.7.2 GlobalSpec Major Business
    • 2.7.3 GlobalSpec FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler Product and Services
    • 2.7.4 GlobalSpec FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler Sales Quantity, Average Price, Revenue, Gross Margin and Market Share (2018-2023)
    • 2.7.5 GlobalSpec Recent Developments/Updates
  • 2.8 Optizone Technology
    • 2.8.1 Optizone Technology Details
    • 2.8.2 Optizone Technology Major Business
    • 2.8.3 Optizone Technology FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler Product and Services
    • 2.8.4 Optizone Technology FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler Sales Quantity, Average Price, Revenue, Gross Margin and Market Share (2018-2023)
    • 2.8.5 Optizone Technology Recent Developments/Updates
  • 2.9 LightComm Technology Co., Ltd.
    • 2.9.1 LightComm Technology Co., Ltd. Details
    • 2.9.2 LightComm Technology Co., Ltd. Major Business
    • 2.9.3 LightComm Technology Co., Ltd. FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler Product and Services
    • 2.9.4 LightComm Technology Co., Ltd. FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler Sales Quantity, Average Price, Revenue, Gross Margin and Market Share (2018-2023)
    • 2.9.5 LightComm Technology Co., Ltd. Recent Developments/Updates
  • 2.10 DK Photonics
    • 2.10.1 DK Photonics Details
    • 2.10.2 DK Photonics Major Business
    • 2.10.3 DK Photonics FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler Product and Services
    • 2.10.4 DK Photonics FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler Sales Quantity, Average Price, Revenue, Gross Margin and Market Share (2018-2023)
    • 2.10.5 DK Photonics Recent Developments/Updates
  • 2.11 CSRayzer Optical Technology
    • 2.11.1 CSRayzer Optical Technology Details
    • 2.11.2 CSRayzer Optical Technology Major Business
    • 2.11.3 CSRayzer Optical Technology FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler Product and Services
    • 2.11.4 CSRayzer Optical Technology FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler Sales Quantity, Average Price, Revenue, Gross Margin and Market Share (2018-2023)
    • 2.11.5 CSRayzer Optical Technology Recent Developments/Updates
  • 2.12 Corning
    • 2.12.1 Corning Details
    • 2.12.2 Corning Major Business
    • 2.12.3 Corning FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler Product and Services
    • 2.12.4 Corning FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler Sales Quantity, Average Price, Revenue, Gross Margin and Market Share (2018-2023)
    • 2.12.5 Corning Recent Developments/Updates
  • 2.13 OptoLink Corporation
    • 2.13.1 OptoLink Corporation Details
    • 2.13.2 OptoLink Corporation Major Business
    • 2.13.3 OptoLink Corporation FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler Product and Services
    • 2.13.4 OptoLink Corporation FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler Sales Quantity, Average Price, Revenue, Gross Margin and Market Share (2018-2023)
    • 2.13.5 OptoLink Corporation Recent Developments/Updates
  • 2.14 Flyin Optronics
    • 2.14.1 Flyin Optronics Details
    • 2.14.2 Flyin Optronics Major Business
    • 2.14.3 Flyin Optronics FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler Product and Services
    • 2.14.4 Flyin Optronics FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler Sales Quantity, Average Price, Revenue, Gross Margin and Market Share (2018-2023)
    • 2.14.5 Flyin Optronics Recent Developments/Updates
  • 2.15 K Photonics Technology
    • 2.15.1 K Photonics Technology Details
    • 2.15.2 K Photonics Technology Major Business
    • 2.15.3 K Photonics Technology FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler Product and Services
    • 2.15.4 K Photonics Technology FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler Sales Quantity, Average Price, Revenue, Gross Margin and Market Share (2018-2023)
    • 2.15.5 K Photonics Technology Recent Developments/Updates
  • 2.16 Shenzhen Qinghe Optoelectronics Technology
    • 2.16.1 Shenzhen Qinghe Optoelectronics Technology Details
    • 2.16.2 Shenzhen Qinghe Optoelectronics Technology Major Business
    • 2.16.3 Shenzhen Qinghe Optoelectronics Technology FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler Product and Services
    • 2.16.4 Shenzhen Qinghe Optoelectronics Technology FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler Sales Quantity, Average Price, Revenue, Gross Margin and Market Share (2018-2023)
    • 2.16.5 Shenzhen Qinghe Optoelectronics Technology Recent Developments/Updates

3 Competitive Environment: FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler by Manufacturer

  • 3.1 Global FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler Sales Quantity by Manufacturer (2018-2023)
  • 3.2 Global FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler Revenue by Manufacturer (2018-2023)
  • 3.3 Global FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler Average Price by Manufacturer (2018-2023)
  • 3.4 Market Share Analysis (2022)
    • 3.4.1 Producer Shipments of FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler by Manufacturer Revenue ($MM) and Market Share (%): 2022
    • 3.4.2 Top 3 FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler Manufacturer Market Share in 2022
    • 3.4.2 Top 6 FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler Manufacturer Market Share in 2022
  • 3.5 FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler Market: Overall Company Footprint Analysis
    • 3.5.1 FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler Market: Region Footprint
    • 3.5.2 FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler Market: Company Product Type Footprint
    • 3.5.3 FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler Market: Company Product Application Footprint
  • 3.6 New Market Entrants and Barriers to Market Entry
  • 3.7 Mergers, Acquisition, Agreements, and Collaborations

4 Consumption Analysis by Region

  • 4.1 Global FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler Market Size by Region
    • 4.1.1 Global FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler Sales Quantity by Region (2018-2029)
    • 4.1.2 Global FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler Consumption Value by Region (2018-2029)
    • 4.1.3 Global FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler Average Price by Region (2018-2029)
  • 4.2 North America FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler Consumption Value (2018-2029)
  • 4.3 Europe FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler Consumption Value (2018-2029)
  • 4.4 Asia-Pacific FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler Consumption Value (2018-2029)
  • 4.5 South America FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler Consumption Value (2018-2029)
  • 4.6 Middle East and Africa FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler Consumption Value (2018-2029)

5 Market Segment by Type

  • 5.1 Global FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler Sales Quantity by Type (2018-2029)
  • 5.2 Global FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler Consumption Value by Type (2018-2029)
  • 5.3 Global FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler Average Price by Type (2018-2029)

6 Market Segment by Application

  • 6.1 Global FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler Sales Quantity by Application (2018-2029)
  • 6.2 Global FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler Consumption Value by Application (2018-2029)
  • 6.3 Global FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler Average Price by Application (2018-2029)

7 North America

  • 7.1 North America FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler Sales Quantity by Type (2018-2029)
  • 7.2 North America FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler Sales Quantity by Application (2018-2029)
  • 7.3 North America FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler Market Size by Country
    • 7.3.1 North America FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler Sales Quantity by Country (2018-2029)
    • 7.3.2 North America FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler Consumption Value by Country (2018-2029)
    • 7.3.3 United States Market Size and Forecast (2018-2029)
    • 7.3.4 Canada Market Size and Forecast (2018-2029)
    • 7.3.5 Mexico Market Size and Forecast (2018-2029)

8 Europe

  • 8.1 Europe FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler Sales Quantity by Type (2018-2029)
  • 8.2 Europe FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler Sales Quantity by Application (2018-2029)
  • 8.3 Europe FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler Market Size by Country
    • 8.3.1 Europe FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler Sales Quantity by Country (2018-2029)
    • 8.3.2 Europe FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler Consumption Value by Country (2018-2029)
    • 8.3.3 Germany Market Size and Forecast (2018-2029)
    • 8.3.4 France Market Size and Forecast (2018-2029)
    • 8.3.5 United Kingdom Market Size and Forecast (2018-2029)
    • 8.3.6 Russia Market Size and Forecast (2018-2029)
    • 8.3.7 Italy Market Size and Forecast (2018-2029)

9 Asia-Pacific

  • 9.1 Asia-Pacific FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler Sales Quantity by Type (2018-2029)
  • 9.2 Asia-Pacific FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler Sales Quantity by Application (2018-2029)
  • 9.3 Asia-Pacific FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler Market Size by Region
    • 9.3.1 Asia-Pacific FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler Sales Quantity by Region (2018-2029)
    • 9.3.2 Asia-Pacific FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler Consumption Value by Region (2018-2029)
    • 9.3.3 China Market Size and Forecast (2018-2029)
    • 9.3.4 Japan Market Size and Forecast (2018-2029)
    • 9.3.5 Korea Market Size and Forecast (2018-2029)
    • 9.3.6 India Market Size and Forecast (2018-2029)
    • 9.3.7 Southeast Asia Market Size and Forecast (2018-2029)
    • 9.3.8 Australia Market Size and Forecast (2018-2029)

10 South America

  • 10.1 South America FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler Sales Quantity by Type (2018-2029)
  • 10.2 South America FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler Sales Quantity by Application (2018-2029)
  • 10.3 South America FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler Market Size by Country
    • 10.3.1 South America FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler Sales Quantity by Country (2018-2029)
    • 10.3.2 South America FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler Consumption Value by Country (2018-2029)
    • 10.3.3 Brazil Market Size and Forecast (2018-2029)
    • 10.3.4 Argentina Market Size and Forecast (2018-2029)

11 Middle East & Africa

  • 11.1 Middle East & Africa FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler Sales Quantity by Type (2018-2029)
  • 11.2 Middle East & Africa FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler Sales Quantity by Application (2018-2029)
  • 11.3 Middle East & Africa FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler Market Size by Country
    • 11.3.1 Middle East & Africa FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler Sales Quantity by Country (2018-2029)
    • 11.3.2 Middle East & Africa FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler Consumption Value by Country (2018-2029)
    • 11.3.3 Turkey Market Size and Forecast (2018-2029)
    • 11.3.4 Egypt Market Size and Forecast (2018-2029)
    • 11.3.5 Saudi Arabia Market Size and Forecast (2018-2029)
    • 11.3.6 South Africa Market Size and Forecast (2018-2029)

12 Market Dynamics

  • 12.1 FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler Market Drivers
  • 12.2 FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler Market Restraints
  • 12.3 FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler Trends Analysis
  • 12.4 Porters Five Forces Analysis
    • 12.4.1 Threat of New Entrants
    • 12.4.2 Bargaining Power of Suppliers
    • 12.4.3 Bargaining Power of Buyers
    • 12.4.4 Threat of Substitutes
    • 12.4.5 Competitive Rivalry

13 Raw Material and Industry Chain

  • 13.1 Raw Material of FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler and Key Manufacturers
  • 13.2 Manufacturing Costs Percentage of FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler
  • 13.3 FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler Production Process
  • 13.4 FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler Industrial Chain

14 Shipments by Distribution Channel

  • 14.1 Sales Channel
    • 14.1.1 Direct to End-User
    • 14.1.2 Distributors
  • 14.2 FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler Typical Distributors
  • 14.3 FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler Typical Customers

15 Research Findings and Conclusion

    16 Appendix

    • 16.1 Methodology
    • 16.2 Research Process and Data Source

    Summary:
    Get latest Market Research Reports on FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler. Industry analysis & Market Report on FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler is a syndicated market report, published as Global FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler Market 2023 by Manufacturers, Regions, Type and Application, Forecast to 2029. It is complete Research Study and Industry Analysis of FBT Polarization Maintaining Coupler market, to understand, Market Demand, Growth, trends analysis and Factor Influencing market.

    Last updated on

    REPORT YOU MIGHT BE INTERESTED

    Purchase this Report

    $3,480.00
    $5,220.00
    $6,960.00
    2,745.72
    4,118.58
    5,491.44
    3,215.52
    4,823.28
    6,431.04
    523,635.60
    785,453.40
    1,047,271.20
    288,526.80
    432,790.20
    577,053.60
    Credit card Logo

    Related Reports


    Reason to Buy

    Request for Sample of this report